Hi! Welcome back to Classwork’s RTI web series! I’m Judy Teevan Director of Curriculum here at Classworks back with Part 7, the final installment of our series! We have covered so much over the last 6 weeks! We have walked through all aspects of executing a successful RTI process, from screening to analyzing intervention and progress monitoring data.
When we started our discussion, we talked about tiers in the RTI pyramid. Tier 1 is the foundation for all students. The instructional practices within the classroom are the key to strong students. Today we are going to talk about ways to support Tier 1 instruction.
To get started you need to analyze current instructional practices and find out where curriculum is weak. Your screener can help identify weak areas and common threads where students are struggling. This often identifies areas that require instructional renovation. This could include one domain or multiple areas of concern.
We saw that upside down pyramid in Part 2 of our series. If effective instructional practices are not in place, Tier 1 instruction suffers and you find a higher number of students falling into what we typically think of as Tier 3.
Tier 1 requires effective teaching and strong instructional practices. So, the next step is to analyze those instructional practices and put powerful instruction in place. Have teachers reflect on what practices are incorporated -or need to be incorporated -into their day-to-day routines.
What are the characteristics of powerful instruction?
Teach critical skills and strategies(Effective teachers teach skills, strategies, and concepts. Strategies empower students to independently tackle new concepts.)
- Teachers should model expectations, strategies, and tips for. In reading, for example, showing students how to look back through a text and make notes can help better prepare students for online assessments and give them a clearer understanding of digital texts.
- Complex text is often missing when looking for quality reading instruction. Make sure to have a reliable resource for content such as Classworks Reading passages where text dependent questions, open ended responses and paired passages are included.
- Math activities need to be flexible, so they can be easily integrated into your current math instruction. With Classworks Applied Math, students can work together in small groups or pairs to solve problems with the teacher as a facilitator. Students show their understanding and mastery of the mathematical concept in a variety of ways. They can illustrate, write, and/or record their thinking and demonstrate their knowledge.
Differentiate and adapt instruction based on assessment data to meet student needs. (Effective teachers recognize that one size doesn't fit all and are ready to adapt instruction—both content and methods.)
- Assessments identify student performance levels. Assign varying levels of passages to ensure students are reading at their own level while building comprehension skills. When reading on grade level, struggling students can have passages read aloud to build understanding. Have students work in pairs or small groups to promote discussion and engagement.
- In math, differentiate problems on grade level. Adjust the magnitude of the numbers, the number of required steps to solve, and the amount of support provided. Progressively increase skill and level of communication required to show methods of solving.
- Assign Classworks Skill Units or use Individualized Learning Paths to remediate skills identified through assessment. Students get true independent practice to close gaps.
Make sure students have explicit instruction and lots of opportunity to practice skills. This practice occurs with and without teacher support. (Students should not have to infer what they are supposed to learn.)
- Explicit instruction requires modeling the expectation within learning. Model finding evidence within texts using highlighting and note taking when working with close reads.
- Demonstrate the expectations for communicating thinking in math. Build conceptual understanding by having students draw models and write out their thinking for each problem. This lays the groundwork for student understanding and success!
- Engage students using technology! Teachers can facilitate lessons using interactive whiteboards while students use their individual devices to read and interact with the activity and answer questions.
- Use a variety of instructional formats - whole group, small group, and independent practice.
Once critical content is covered, check for understanding, reteach and monitor progress.
- Offering time for students to work on skills using assigned Classworks units, provides students with independent practice. Teachers then review data and conference with students to offer real time feedback. Use the data to inform next steps in classroom instruction such as forming small groups for reteaching.
From: High-Quality Classroom Instruction
Classroom Reading Instruction That Supports Struggling Readers
by Carolyn A. Denton, Children's Learning Institute, University of Texas Health Science Center Houston
As you analyze your Tier 1 instruction think about: Are these instructional practices in place? What’s working? What’s not? Once instructional challenges are identified, put professional development in place to support teachers and provide the resources they need to execute the strategies to improve instruction. Strong Tier 1 instruction allows students to learn strategies which empower them to independently tackle new concepts. Teachers differentiate and allow time for students to practice and struggle! That’s how students grow!
Each tier plays a valuable role for students. RTI is a powerful process that, when done right, greatly impacts student outcomes.
Thanks so much for being a part of this web series. While we explored the many facets of RTI, I hope you were able to get some new ideas or just confirm that you have a great process in place! Thanks for spending time with me! Keep an eye on our blog for more series like this one. Reach out to firstname.lastname@example.org with any questions, support needs, or clarifications. See you next time!